[[ E-pub ]] ☠ The Battle for Spain ↻ PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB free

I found this book nearly unreadable and gave up on it within the first 100 pages As such, take this review with that in mind since I didn t gut through it I had heard great things about Beevor s Stalingrad and may still read it someday The Battle for Spain , however, suffers from a few serious problems its choice to be a straight political history and Beevor s writing style I am not a fan of this kind of history writing It is top down narrative history at its worst It is no doubt invaluable as a reference tool as to what the myriad of factions were doing at any time, but truth is never so neat in practice History is not merely the retelling of official actions by heads of various parties and factions But here, an already questionable historical writing approach is executed poorly Beevor assumes far too much reader knowledge He throws into the text seemingly dozens of new names and parties and movements a page without giving the reader much of a sense of who these people are, who they really represent, and what forces are actually driving their decisions It would be like trying to understand US history only through headlines in a newspaper and official political announcements by the government and political parties.Second, Beevor s style of writing is poor He jumbles and inverts sentences and uses commas in ways that render his writing a total mess It gums up any narrative momentum and makes reading dramatic events as dry as reading an outdated chemistry textbook.I would recommend it only as a reference book for those with a deep love of straight up political history writing. [[ E-pub ]] ☘ The Battle for Spain ⇱ A Fresh And Acclaimed Account Of The Spanish Civil War By The Bestselling Author Of Stalingrad And The Fall Of Berlin Beevor S Ardennes The Battle Of The Bulge Is Now Available From Viking Books To Mark The Th Anniversary Of The Spanish Civil War S Outbreak, Antony Beevor Has Written A Completely Updated And Revised Account Of One Of The Most Bitter And Hard Fought Wars Of The Twentieth Century With New Material Gleaned From The Russian Archives And Numerous Other Sources, This Brisk And Accessible Book Spain S Bestseller For Twelve Weeks , Provides A Balanced And Penetrating Perspective, Explaining The Tensions That Led To This Terrible Overture To World War II And Affording New Insights Into The War Its Causes, Course, And Consequences I didn t know anything about the Spanish Civil War until I read this book And what an eye opener it is Spain in the 1930s was a country in transition It had just come out of the departure of King Alfonso XIII and a new republic was trying to get itself established But forces from across the political spectrum took turns weakening the Republic to further their own agenda the political and social conservatives who wanted to retain the status quo of monopoly of power and privilege the socialists, the anarchists, and the communists who were intent on destroying the old order and to usher in their own brand of social experimentation, however violent The moderates who wanted reform and stability through peaceful, parliamentary means were caught in the middle The virulent and often violent clash of ideologies and personalities eventually consumed Spain in civil war A number of people who are ignorant of the Spanish Civil War might be tempted to view it in just black and white the Republic, under a mix of socialists, communists, and liberals, were the good guys, fighting for a dignified Spain of secularism, human rights, and democracy and the Nationalist rebels under Franco were the bad guys, remnants of the old order who wanted their privileges retained But history is often not just black and white Both sides committed numerous atrocities against their enemies, real and perceived Hundreds of Catholic priests were murdered by both parties The Nationalist rebels were aided by Hitler and Mussolini, but the Republic was also aided and eventually controlled by another dictatorship, Stalin And the Republic did not always abide to democratic niceties, as was shown in the latter part of the war when the Republic was hijacked by the communists and by the lumpen dictator Juan Negrin No wonder Eric Blair George Orwell and some others were disillusioned by their experience as volunteers during the war Orwell, in particular, was so troubled by the communist excesses he saw in Spain that the experience inspired him to write his masterpieces, Animal Farm and 1984 The war can really be said to be a dress rehearsal for the terrible Second World War, as Spain became a bloody battlefield not just between ideologies, but also among technologies, especially air power, which the Nationalists and their German allies used so devastatingly and decisively Although quite dense and somewhat difficult to read because of the diversity of characters and groups, the narrative of the story almost makes it like a suspense novel An important event of the twentieth century that should be understood. Ne verujem da je ijedan rat vredan velikog gubitka ivota, ali kao prva linija odbrane od fa izma, ukoliko je postojao rat u kom se vredelo boriti, to je bio ovaj Bilo je ve ih nepravdi i zla u 20 veku, ali na panski gra anski rat sam uvek gledao kao na pravi sukob dobra i zla Prvi u asi fa izma, pu i nemilosrdna vojna sila protiv demokratski izabrane republike, nemilosrdno nasilje, uz stotine hiljada streljanih civila i nepravda nao igled tada jo slobodne Evrope Bivor je i ovaj sukob ideologija sjajno opisao, u svom stilu Detaljno prou ena istorija, pro eta anekdotama, citatima i pri ama, donosi istoriju koja se ita poput dobro napisane fikcije Jednostavno ti ne daje da stane , 500 strana pro e br e nego to bi to o ekivao, bez obzira to mi je ovo bila jedna od te ih istorijskih knjiga za itanje Depresivna i te ka, na trenutke kao da mi Bivor dr i veliki teg na plu ima Stradanje civilaOvaj sukob je bio prete a svetskog rata i u nasilju prema civilima Primeri kad desni arski vlasnik zemlje pore a svoje radnike i ubije estoricu, kako bi obeshrabrio ostale, ili uveni slu ajevi fa isti ke propagande o paljenju ivih sve tenika su deo anekdota Jedan od citata fa isti kih Falangi govori za sebePoput hirurga, potrebno je ise i oboleli deo dru tva, pogotovo kada pacijent nije svestan ta je najbolje za njega Nacionalno ozdravljenje mo e da se postigne samo kroz bol ivela smrt U asa je bilo sa obe strane, ali su nacionalisti to radili efikasnije i sa vi e strasti Procenjuje se da su hladnokrvno pobili oko 200,000 ljudi, etiri puta vi e od republikanaca Da li samo zato to u gra anskim ratovima, pobednik obi no ubije vi e ljudi, ili zato to su imali efikasnije oru je Gernika je ostala simbol nemilosr a fa izma, ali je bilo i gorih zlo ina u bombardovanju Gernike je poginulo 250 300 ljudi, dok je samu u Malagi nakon zauze a grada streljano 3,000 ljudi, a ukupno oko 16,000 do kraja 1944 te Svetski rat preko posrednikaSukob ideologija sa jedne strane socijalizam i tada jo demokratija kasnije komunizam , sa druge fa izam, i to pre nego to je spoznan za onakvog kakvim ga vidimo danas Impotencija diplomatija Engleske, Francuske i SAD vodi ka politici neme anja, pa ak i toliko daleko da se legitimno izabranoj vladi jedne zemlje zabranjuje kupovina oru ja za odbranu U to vreme, na zapadu nije bilo simpatija prema levi arima, ali nisu eleli ni kontrolu nacisti ke Nema ke ili fa isti ke Italije Postojao je i strah da e panija postati Sarajevo iz 1914 te, jedna varnica koja e zapaliti Evropu Sve to je dovelo do toga, da je panija rtvovana brutalnije i ranije nego ehoslova ka 1938.Nema ka i Italija su, s druge strane, reagovale odmah Najpre pomogle u transportu nacionalisti kih snaga iz Afrike, a kasnije slanjem najmodernijih aviona, pilota i tenkova, koji su desni arima doneli najverovatnije odlu uju u vojnu prednost, a pogotovo Nemcima idealan poligon za testiranje novih taktika i oru ja Ju 87 tuka i lovac Fw109, taktika vazdu nih dvoboja u parovima, pa i Blitzkrieg je dokazan na tlu panije Sovjetski Savez se Republici pokazao kao jedini saveznik pomogli su dostavom tenkova, kao i u odbrani Madrida 1937., ali avioni su bili nemo ni u borbi sa nema kim modelima, a Republika je zauzvrat u Moskvu na samom po etku rata poslala svoje celokupne zlatne rezerve skoro 500 tona , to je Staljin kasnije oportunisti ki koristio i zloupotrebljavao.Internacionalne brigade They gave up everything their loves, their countries, home and fortune, fathers, mothers, wives, brothers, sisters and children and they came and said to us We are here Your cause, Spain s cause, is ours It is the cause of all advanced and progressive mankind Mothers Women When the years pass by and the wounds of war are stanched speak to your children Tell them of these men of the International Brigades Deo govora La Pasionarije prilikom odlaska Internacionalnih Brigada iz Barselone, oslikava ono to bi nas danas zapanjilo Ko bi danas bili ljudi koji bi iz ideala napustili svoje domove, da bi se borili za tu u zemlju, za tu u slobodu Da li su to bili avanturisti ili ljudi koji su verovali u ne to i ta bi trebalo da se desi danas, da se ovo ponovi U vremenu post idealizma, ovako ne to je verovatno nemogu e, ali poku aj zaustavljanja fa izma je verovatno bio vra ki dobar razlog za putovanje u paniju Gra anski rat u gra anskom ratuDok je Franko imao jasnu taktiku i vojni ku disciplinu, levica je bila podeljena Izbore je dobio Narodni front, koalicija socijalista, komunista, anarhista i internacionalista Pokazalo se da ovde mora do i do politi kih, a kasnije i oru anih sukoba, posebno nakon Staljinovog pritiska na vladu, na osnovu izdobava oru ja i panskog zlata koje bilo u Moskvi Borba protiv internacionalista trockisti ki fa isti , kako su ih nazivali i anarhista u ideji da se ujedini vlast, preuzme centralna kontrola mo da nije bila na nivou Staljinovih istki 1937., ali su metode bile iste, po to su ih vodili kadrovi NKVD Republika je borbu po ela formiranjem narodnih milicija, ljudi koji su se okupili da odbrane ivote i slobodu Kasnije je bilo potrebno da se reorganizuju u Narodnu armiju, ali iako su na taj na in dobili na organizovanosti, zbog internih sukoba su izgubili na moralu ak su i volonteri internacionalnih brigada, neretko bivali osu eni za izdaju izraz peta kolona proizizlazi iz panskog rata i navodne pete kolone nacionalista koji su u Madridu spremno ekali ulazak Franka i streljani bez su enja Vojna taktika je bila zastarela, do kraja se insistiralo na zastarelim taktikama iz prvog svetskog rata, na velikim frontovima i ofanzivama, koje su se pretvarale u smrtonosne poku aje za republikanske najbolje jedinice Vera u jak revolucionarni moral vodila je do samobila kih napada, od kojih se nije odustajalo ni kada je sve bilo iygubljeno, zarad sujete politi ara i propagandne ma inerije koja je pokretana na po ecima tih ofanziva.PoslediceBroj stradalih je ogroman, ali jedna od posledica je i fa isti ki re im u Evropi do Frankove smrti 1975 Osetljive teme masovnih ubistava, jo uvek vi e desetina hiljada neprona enih grobnica, kao i razli itih pogleda na religiju i njenu ulogu u ratu, razlog su to u paniji ni dan danas nije do lo do pomirenja ta bi se desilo u slu aju pobede levi ara, pa ma koliko malo verovatna ista bila Izbori 1936 doveli su do pobede levog fronta, ali pitanje je kakva bi bila vlast u paniji u slu aju pobede Republike Koliki bi bio uticaj Staljina na tu vladu da li bi dobili diktaturu poput one u Sovjetskom savezu, ili ipak dr avu koja bi bila za etnik ne eg boljeg, evrokomunizma , kako su ga kasnije nazvali vo e panske komunisti ke partije u egzilu, nakon to su raskrstili sa Sovjetima Kao najbolje istorijske knjige, i ova otvara bar toliko pitanja koliko daje odgovora to se mene ti e, ove godine mi na ovu temu slede jo Orvelova Kataloniji u ast, Hemingvejova Za koga zvono zvoni, a verovatno i neki od memoara na ih panskih boraca panija moje mladosti Lazara Udovi kog, na primer, ako je negde prona em. An excellent analysis of a conflict in which the Spanish people are the filling in a sandwich, the slices comprising a fight between the extreme right and extreme left To make matters worse, as is well known, the conflict became the testing ground for Hitler and Stalin to play with their toys of war The book is well constructed, and very readable, suffering only from the author s mild tendency to repeat the lessons he wishes the reader to retain, in a schoolmasterish fashion Although the book is harrowing, given the human tragedy, the fact that Juan Carlos, hand picked by Franco to rule as a royal dictator, moved the country rapidly towards full democracy, provides a profoundly satisfying conclusion Today Spain is a great success, and to this I can only say Viva Espana Antony Beevor is probably best known today for his lengthy histories of the battles of Stalingrad and Berlin, but this earlier narrative history of the Spanish Civil War matches both of these later works for grim and gripping detail While one might expect a historian of the Second World War to treat the Spanish conflict as a prologue to that larger and deadlier global struggle, Beevor sees that the civil war had great significance in its own right It was a struggle between ideologies, in which both the left wing Spanish government and the right wing insurgents committed atrocities on behalf of their opposing visions a struggle between politicos and propagandists abroad, who invested the civil war with ideological meaning and cast it as alternatively a last ditch defense of Christian civilization or a first stand against Fascism and finally a bloody struggle between armies and civilians, which killed 600,000 people and ravaged Spain s landscape and economy Foreign ideologues of the left and right still argue about the meaning of the Spanish Civil War, but Spaniards themselves have only just begun to confront its bitterly divisive history Beevor, to his credit, provides a balanced account of the conflict, which damns both sides for their excesses while carefully chronicling the enormous costs of Francisco Franco s victory After briefly describing the fall of Spain s reactionary monarchy and the turbulent, anarchic history of its Second Republic, Beevor turns to the Army s attempted coup of July 1936, a right wing response to the election of a socialist communist government earlier that year While the plotters succeeded in capturing western Andalusia and driving north to the suburbs of Madrid, the Spanish government retained the loyalty of its navy, which made it difficult for Franco and his colleagues to bring in their troops from North Africa Spanish workers and anarchists also quickly organized pro government militias, which allowed the loyalists to retain control of the capital and most of Spain s outlying provinces By the end of 1936 the country had settled into a civil war between Franco s Nationalists and the Republicans.The term civil war is something of a misnomer, since the conflict served as a proxy war and military proving ground for several of Europe s totalitarian dictatorships Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and the Soviet Union The first two of these provided substantial assistance to the Nationalists Germany airlifted Franco s troops from Africa to Spain in 1936, and later provided the insurgents with combat aircraft, artillery, and light tanks Italy provided additional planes, pilots, and about 80,000 soldiers The Nationalists air superiority ultimately proved decisive it helped them capture the Basque region in 1937 after a campaign in which German planes fire bombed Guernica, killing 1,600 people , overrun Aragon by mid 1938, and crush a Republican army at the Battle of the Ebro in August 1938 Surprisingly, the Nationalists also enjoyed ample support from Anglo American politicians and businessmen, who opposed the Spanish Republic s left wing government and Spanish anarchists collectivization of farms and factories Britain s press generally supported Franco, and its government tried to prevent British ships from delivering aid to the Republicans American businesses like Texaco and Dupont, meanwhile, supplied the Nationalists with 12,000 trucks, 3.5 million tons of oil, and 40,000 bombs George Orwell, who fought for the Republic, characterized Franco s victory as one he shared with big business True enough.The Republic, for its part, received a small amount of aid from Mexico, and about 35,000 foreign volunteers for its International Brigades Most of its foreign support, however, came from the Soviet Union, and came with a great deal of political baggage Both Soviet advisers and Spanish communists pressured the government to suppress its own left wing allies, which the Republic, dependent on the Soviet Union for tanks and aircraft, duly did in 1937 The Republicans disbanded the left wing POUM militia, arrested thousands of anarchists, and with Soviet aid set up their own secret police, torture chambers, and labor camps re education centers They may have made their government and its armed forces united and efficient, but they also cost themselves the support of those who wanted to fight a revolutionary war, and whose high morale would have been invaluable Orwell argued that the communist counter revolution essentially turned the civil war into a conventional war, which the poorly supplied Republic could not win.The Spanish Civil War still inspires considerable passion because of the popular foreign support that both sides garnered, and the volume of propaganda that they put out Foreign artists and writers like Picasso, Orwell, and Hemingway lent their talents to the Republican cause, and tens of thousands of leftists came to Spain to fight Franco The Nationalists, for their part, enjoyed the support of the Western European establishment, including much of the intelligentsia as late as the 1960s, some British dons still publicly celebrated Franco s birthday and of conservative Catholics, who recoiled from some Republicans sacking of churches and killing of priests Both sides accused one another of lurid atrocities, and it is clear that by 1937 both the government and the Nationalists had adopted policies of political terror, including mass arrests and large scale executions of their political opponents Beevor notes, however, that the Nationalists adopted a systematic terror policy from the very beginning of the war, and that they enjoyed far success at liquidating their opponents, of whom they executed 100 200,000 during the war and another 200,000 between the fall of Madrid and 1943 At least one Nationalist boasted that his side killed ten leftists for every Nationalist killed by the Republicans p 74 , and the author believes this is a fair estimate While I think Beevor would like to say a plague on both your houses to the Republicans and Nationalists, one must instead conclude from his narrative of the Spanish war, as Timothy Snyder concluded in his study of Eastern Europe in the 1930s and 40s, Better Stalin than Hitler What a terrible century it was, though, to have presented so many people with that choice Can you hear the drums Fernando This is a great book also, very sad.I ve always been fascinated with the story of the Spanish Civil War, and what it signified In many ways, it was the precusor to WW2, and the fight between the Axis backed nationalist forces and Soviet backed republicans offers an insight into what will transpire in Europe over the next several years It also dispels the easy myths around the black and white truth of what the Spanish Civil War is in popular media.The author goes into great detail giving the background to the war, the imperialistic delusions, the strong religious influence in the society, the military scheming, the bickering Fascism as we know it wasn t really the defining force of 1920 30s Spain, it was something that Spain grew into over the following decades Likewise, its approach to communism was different from the Soviet model in many ways.It is very interesting and disheartening to see that even when there s a terrible war at stake, selfish politicians will do their far share of backstabbing regardless of the cost Among the nationalist, the intrigue between the monarchists and the Falanghe On the left, the hatred between the anarchists and the communists.You d think they d be unified in their goal to fight the enemy Well, not as much as NKVD was interested in setting up rehabilitation camps, blaming every defeat on Trotskyist fascists fifth column, with Stalin making sure he didn t antagonize Franco too much lest Hitler gets upsets Let s not forget the right side of the spectrum, with their hatred for the Basque, or the fascination with butchering people after every victory.Then, the international charade The Americans sending weapons to Franco The British secretly admiring him and playing the non interventionists Mussolini with his obsession of creating an empire Hitler s disdain for his allies The French wanting to be against the Germans but not really wanting to upset the equation The naive and foolish International Brigades of criminals, naive poets and authors, and a rare diehard ideologist.Antony Beevor does a splendid job of making you detest all of them This is such an ugly war, and therefore, this is such an ugly book You re left with a profound sense of loss and sadness, even though things have happened so long ago A futile tragedy, this is what it is And I think it still resonates quite loudly, 70 years later The Spanish people are still caught in the vacuum of something horrible that divided their society, and it still lingers.Extremely recommended Igor Even Antony Beevor Can t Simplify Such a Complicated Topic The Spanish Civil War is a significant 20th century historical event that is logically obscured by the enormity of the Second World War My rudimentary knowledge of the conflict led me to simplify it as a war between the Nazi supported Nationalists vs the Soviet supported Republicans oh how wrong I was My search to expand my knowledge of the Spanish Civil War both started and ended with the discovery Antony Beevor s THE BATTLE FOR SPAIN Beevor is an author that captured my devotion with STALINGRAD and THE FALL OF BERLIN 1945 With these books, Beevor exhibited an amazing knack of detailing large scale events in a captivating manner that somehow doesn t lose the reader in the minutia THE BATTLE FOR SPAIN, however, proved to be a different beast for me to conquer as I found myself continuously lost in a sea of details that required me to take a few long breaks from reading in order to regenerate interest in completing the book THE BATTLE FOR SPAIN is pretty much a straight forward chronological account of the Spanish Civil War, including the period that precedes the war and the post war period concluding with the death Francisco Franco in 1975 From the book s onset it is quite evident that the war was arguably a much convoluted affair than World War II, where the combatants and front lines were clearly defined The myriad of allegiances, factions, groups and political parties quickly envelope the reader in a morass of acronyms and Spanish names that required frequent visits to the acronym list graciously provided by Beevor in the beginning of the book Additionally, the war was not a logical series of sequential events, but a conglomeration of simultaneous events over three years that lead to an uneasy conclusion It is this combination of multiple factions and events that made Beevor s trademark detailing of a curse than a pleasurable read for me While, overall, the book is well organized, I found the colorful and interesting minutia distracting throughout On the other hand, as distracting as it may be at times, THE BATTLE FOR SPAIN is very thorough in a no stone left unturned manner and fairly neutral in its delivery I consider the author to be a proven scholar on the subjects he writes about the research and sources attributed to each of his books are impressive While Beevor s popularity as an author will no doubt create detractors, he is arguably one of the trusted modern historians of the World War II era and THE BATTLE FOR SPAIN only bolsters his reputation in my opinion The book provides a rich detail of the war and gives the reader a thorough understanding of the vicious political nature that ruptured Spain in the 1930s While it is often stated that the Spanish Civil War was a proving ground or a pre cursor to World War II, Beevor clearly supports his belief that it was a world war by proxy While Nazi Germany s influence is historically popularized by its implementation of the Condor Legion, Beevor documents the equally prominent influence of the Soviet Union, France, Great Britain and future World War II allies as well Every facet of the conflict is approached, from propaganda to the bumbling meddling from Mussolini It was quite astonishing to discover that Herman Goring supplied arms to the Republicans that were used to fight German soldiers on the Nationalist side Equally interesting was the detail of modernized use of tanks on the battlefield and the effectiveness of air power via air ground attack Ironically, the iconic bombing of Guernica which only consumes a paragraph or two is referred to as historic propaganda than a devastating terror bombing as recent findings show the casualties were significantly inflated at the time As stated earlier, Beevor takes an all encompassing approach to the subject with this book, and this should provide insight to most anyone wanting to learn about the conflict There are maps to highlight the various major battles in the war, but they are unfortunately all displayed at the beginning of the book and not with their appropriate chapters Overall, the BATTLE FOR SPAIN provides a wealth of information that should be enlightening to anyone with an interest in the subject matter While I personally found the book to be a challenging read, I finished it with a degree of satisfaction in that I learned about the Spanish Civil War than I had ever anticipated While THE BATTLE FOR SPAIN does present itself as an authority on the subject by answering many questions and thoroughly illustrating events, it clearly proves the Spanish Civil War was complex and messy affair that even Antony Beevor cannot simplify. Histories of wars, particularly ones involving contested political domains, tend to focus either on the battles, the personalities, the international struggles, or other specific aspects While Beevor s Battle for Spain isn t perfect, I give this book five stars because the mix is just right And for one of the most disputed wars in modern history, that is a major accomplishment.We can find any number of anarchist or Trotskyist reviews of the Spanish Civil War that heap blame on the Russians and the Comintern, and such blame is properly placed But Beevor gives us the proper context by letting us know how everyone contributed to Spain s dissolution He clearly is sympathetic to the anarchist and anarcho syndicalist cause, yet he raises some interesting issues of the CNT and FAI in Catalonia Even when anarchists are handed responsibility on a silver platter, they shy away from it because it means recognizing authority So one can give anarchists a proper chiding, as well.Nevertheless, Beevor shows us just how despicable Stalin s Russia was, and the global Comintern movement, as represented by the NKVD and other agencies Even the International Brigades, which were often considered in a romantic light as a way for radicals around the world to help Spain, come in for some deserved criticism though in many instances, members of the International Brigades were thrown into prison camps run by the NKVD Beevor shows how fascist Italy and Nazi Germany used the Spanish Civil War to test out new weapons like the Stuka fighter plane He also shows the duplicity of Hermann Goring and other Nazis, selling weapons to the Republicans while wiping them out with the Luftwaffe And he also mentions how U.S officials like John Foster Dulles came to Franco s aid no surprise there.If there was one suggestion I d make to Beevor, it would be to add a few pages to talk about the declining years of Franco leading to his death in 1975 Even if the book s main focus is 1937 39, it would be useful to see how the Spanish Catholic fascists served NATO and CIA interests through the Cold War, only to be undone by the cultural trends of modern secular life But that s a minor quibble Beevor has done a fine job. Spoilers the good guys win.