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{Free Book} × When Montezuma Met Cortés: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History ß eBook or E-pub free

This book s mission is actually a very cool one it exposes the story of Montezuma welcoming Cortez as the reincarnation of Quetzalcoatl as a long, storied fabrication that actually began with the confusion of the conquistadors themselves Evidence is presented that Cortez was neither a hero nor a villain, but merely a quick witted con man who was possibly putting a Quixotic spin on the events around him to his fellow conquistadors even as they wandered around in Tenochtitlan The author also presents evidence that the real Spanish Mexican War didn t start until long after Montezuma s fictional surrender The fact that the conquistadors themselves never really had any curiosity about the actual politics of their warfare attests to the persuasiveness of Cortez s narrative.The basic idea of weaving in all our centuries of Cortez myth is also interesting at least in theory The difficulty of establishing an origin for all the different aspects of the myth, and the questions of whether elaborations from centuries later might offer some insight on the real history, is reminiscent of the difficulties surrounding the story of Christ.The problem is that while the author presents evidence and data as I have just said, the framing for that data which I have just offered is mine In my opinion I ve just offered a better summary of the book than it ever offers for itself The author s own framing of Cortez and Monetzuma is extremely uninspiring and the entire book is a disaster of almost unreadable disorganization There is no need to mention roller coasters or random news articles that come up in a Google search for Monetzuma I think the author wanted to write for a popular audience but had completely forgotten how popular books work Awful. Leer este libro justo el a o cuando se cumplen 500 del inicio de la expedici n de Cort s que terminar a con la Conquista de M xico fue algo bastante revelador Y es que conocemos mil historias sobre la Conquista existe la visi n pro hisp nica, la indigenista, la que aprendimos en la escuela, la visi n que tiene la gente de otros pa ses y otras m s Y al final, cu l de todas es correcta El principal problema es que la versi n oficial o al menos la m s extendida se encuentra tan llena de mentiras, malos entendidos, errores de interpretaci n y sobretodo, cargada hacia el lado espa ol, que realmente se necesita revisar y analizar con otros ojos lo que pas en esos d as de 1519 Y es lo que intenta este libro.Intentando dar una visi n en donde se le despoja a Hern n Cort s de toda esa falsa aura de H roe de leyenda y quitarle a Moctezuma de esa personalidad cobarde y entreguista que los ha distinguido a trav s de los tiempos, nos encontramos con que la historia de la Conquista y, sobre todo, la historia del Primer encuentro entre ambos, se vuelve en un juego complejo donde intervienen muchos personajes que antes ve amos como secundarios o con un papel muy distinto del que la historia tradicional les da Los mexicanos, como dobles herederos de la tradici n mexica y espa ola, deber amos leer este libro para darnos cuenta de lo pobre que es nuestra visi n sobre el origen de la conquista No estoy diciendo que debemos creer ciegamente lo que dice Restall al final, nadie puede saber la verdadera historia porque no existe suficiente material de la poca pero s que debemos ser much simo m s cr ticos con nuestras ideas preconcebidas al respecto. It s meticulously researched and Restall brings up some interesting ways in which to think about history, I ll give him that But if I had known the book was going to amount to a 350 page literature review with no real narrative to speak of for example, the book starts with The Meeting, then shifts to pre Cortez Aztec life, then jumps to Cortez s early life, then to Montezuma s death, then Cortez s legacy and later life thenyou get the picture I would have skipped it. Next year will be the 500th anniversary of Cortes s entrance into Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec peoples of Mesoamerica Such a long span of time helps explain the story s blurring Much of what we think we know of the Aztecs and the Spanish conquest of Mexico is wrong Restall calls his history a revisionist one because he tries to correct the misperceptions and exaggerations which have grown from the various histories written about those events He explains that those blurred lines are history.In effect his book explains how the Cortes story has hurdled history to become mythohistory Restall doesn t tell the story chronologically until the end of the book Nevertheless, all the essential elements are here as he spends time with the particular facts which make it up So here are detailed discussions of Cortes s mission, the famous burning of the boats, who Marina, Cortes s Nahua translator lover was, the politics of Mesoamerica and the politics of the Spanish, conquistador mentality, and much Most interesting and surprising is the description of what s perhaps the most famous event of the conquest, the moment on 8 Nov 1519 when Montezuma met Cortes on the causeway leading into the city situated on an island in what was then Lake Texcoco and how what the Spanish called a surrender was in fact a captivity And how the 2 year war unfolded from the Aztec and Spanish misunderstanding of their respective cultures and intentions, resulting in, essentially, the destruction of both.Restall excavates many layers of history and legend to get to the bedrock he calls the truth Much of his history is explaining how the events of the past are remembered and chronicled in ways reflecting the agendas of the many factions involved His history is a sifting through the inventions and inadvertent distortions and inevitable blanks in the record to get at the bedrock of what really happened Restall writes, I have had to describe the myth in detail, to expose history as mythistory, in order to bust it His meditation on history and his retelling of the conquest of the Aztecs by Cortes and company is convincing, fascinating reading. Likely a polarizing title OK, back up All stories of conquest are polarizing victor writes the history, etc., until recent pushback has gotten vanquished tales in print Columbus Cort s are taking their kickings these days But this one is likely to create a rift between scholars of Mesoamerica and everybody else, not because of the content but the way it s put together.The first third of the book is essentially a review of the literature an apologia It turns into the longest straw man argument I can recall, largely because Restall focuses on the tellings of the tale of Montezuma from the late 1500s to approximately the early 20th century I kept waiting for some recognition that of us grew up listening to Neil Young s Cortez the Killer than have heard all the operatic renditions combined But Neil and virtually everyone else who has written about the conquest of the Aztecs in a negative light has to wait until the second and later parts of the book and then is dismissed as a romantic Restall breezes past the indigenes who are demonizing Cort s with barely a nod This guts the overall message of Part One, which argues that Cort s has been viewed as a romantic hero, at worst an anti hero But to do that, Restall s got to ignore the past half century and it weakens his argument unbelievably.He also has an annoying habit of putting the why ahead of the what, often with a teaser that we ll get to that later So he discusses Montezuma s death from a dozen angles before describing the events of his death several outcomes of the arrival and stay of the conquistadors in Tenochtitlan are addressed dozens and dozens of pages before he describes how that took place and he repeatedly discusses peoples motives and legacies before he actually gets around to their biographies Malintzin La Malinche appears throughout the book but her story is almost in the epilogue he never actually does get around to detailing the Noche Triste or the details of the feud with Veracruz but gives each a couple of dozen glancing references Which is why I suggest the book may be polarizing Mesoamerican scholars don t need to be told what happened, so it s likely going to be less annoying for them to read than somebody like myself who only knows the story in broad strokes and picked this up hoping to learn still unclear on many details, thanks for asking.And parts of it feel dishonest One suspects that one of the reasons Restall has delayed the telling of some of the events is that the details are lost to history Montezuma s death, for instance, is clouded by unreliable narrators on both sides So setting out an unclear event and drawing a book s worth of conclusions from it would seem sketchy But responding in detail to 500 years of histories, romances, novels, paintings and sculptures there s plenty of grist for the mill And then a couple of paragraphs of Restall s best and convoluted guess as to what happened.Worse is the way he chooses data selectively while criticizing those who came before for doing the same thing For example, the relative importance of the Spaniards in the fall of the Aztec empire varies from page to page At one point, the Spaniards are a tiny percentage of an army, essentially a spare part of the regular Aztec calendar which includes war season when the crops aren t due A few pages later, and historians have failed to recognize just how large the invading army was Which is it Tiny or huge Montezuma s pets or a rapacious horde Another, perhaps telling, example is the chapter that ends with Cort s having achieved nothing because the Dynastic Vine proves Montezuma s family still ruled decades and decades after the conquistador died It s immediately followed by a chapter that details the horror and ruin of total war brought to Mexico by the invaders If the Aztecs were still in control, as Restall argues, why would they have turned over dozens of the daughters of the ruling classes to be sex slaves to the invaders, which Restall also argues And why, if they had any power, was tribute flowing out of Mexico to Castile, instead of into Tenochtitlan from the surrounding countryside And don t even get me started on the claim that the Aztecs didn t believe in human sacrifice right before describing how the Aztec would get all their captives stoned on hallucinogens and then ritually kill them and tear their hearts out, which Restall wants to call executing OK, execution by ritual murder and heart cleaving It s a fine point.The true answer is still the simplest the Aztecs on the throne were puppets Their beliefs included human sacrifice Cort s probably did have his translator read the articles of surrender to Montezuma but the meaning likely changed by the time it went both directions through two translators the latter of whom would be familiar with the power of the huey tlatoani and who might well not have wanted to tell the emperor in so many words that it was time to hang em up and let the white man have his job Nobody really knows how Montezuma died although Restall s conclusion that the conquistadors showed the king to the combatants in order to get him killed by an Aztec seems far fetched It could just as easily have caused a huge rescue attempt by emotional subjects That said, in Restall s defense, it was a bloody war of conquest, not a quick capitulation and Montezuma almost undoubtedly didn t just hand over the whole empire to Cort s just because he was such a charming fellow.Look, it s an fascinating subject, and Restall s key point Montezuma didn t abdicate, he was the huey tlatoani until he was the dead huey tlatoani Long live the huey tlatoani is a valid one and well made And it s a good enough book that I ve just bothered to write the guts of a decent college paper about it sans footnotes because I have my degrees and I don t have to touch another style manual as long as I live, nyah nyah nyah But in attempting to dismiss pretty much everything ever composed about Montezuma as mythistory, Restall has written himself in circles One dust jacket critic enthuses that Restall has changed the way history will be written If this is the future of history, give me its past.Two stars for a general reader likely a must read for Aztec academia.PS What s with his hangup over the Angry Aztec jigsaw puzzle Is he as concerned about the Rotten Romans and Awful Egyptians Matthew Restall certainly does his research I find myself skipping parts, going ahead and then going back This book should be of interest to any history buff A whole different perspective on the Spanish invasion of Mexico Not a quick read but very enlightening. wow eye opener shedding away all the legendsgenocide to the tenth powerno spoiler alerts here The author brilliant detective work Interesant simo libro que desmitifica los hechos alrededor de la conquista de M xico.Basado mucho en la l gica y en una profunda investigaci n, Restall trata de discernir c mo debieron suceder los eventos que llevaron a la conquista de M xico, haciendo un nfasis especial en desmentir la pobre visi n que se tiene de Moctezuma y la desproporcionadas reacciones algunas muy positivas y otras muy negativas sobre la figura de Cort s.B sicamente llega a la conclusi n de que Moctezuma fue un gran tlatoani, que nunca se rindi ni temi a los espa oles, y que por el contrario hizo todo lo posible por someterlos coleccionarlos es su teor a , mientras que Cort s jam s tuvo control de nada, y fue m s bien un militar com n cuyas haza as se debieron a otras personas y factores m s que a m ritos propios La conquista no fue una campa a ordenada y estructurada, sino dos a os de guerra y genocidio entre las poblaciones ind genas promovida por los espa oles.El gran problema del libro es que no es una lectura f cil Restall incluye demasiadas referencias y se pone demasiado acad mico por momentos, adem s de que no hay una narrativa bien establecida y saltamos de un tema a otro sin mucho orden Intenta hacer un libro para todo p blico, pero se le olvidan los detalles que hacen que estos libros funcionen As que uno arrastra bastante los pies para llegar a las conclusiones, y tiene que unir las piezas de informaci n regada por todos lados Me tard bastante en terminarlo.A n as , se trata de informaci n y conclusiones muy interesantes A m me gusta mucho la historia de las culturas prehisp nicas y la de la conquista, y este libro me ha abierto los ojos a muchos hechos y contradicciones de los que estaba consciente, pero que nunca hab a profundizado.Lectura obligada para quienes gustan de esta etapa de la historia de M xico. {Free Book} ⚜ When Montezuma Met Cortés: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History ⛎ A Dramatic Rethinking Of The Encounter Between Montezuma And Hernando Cort S That Completely Overturns What We Know About The Spanish Conquest Of The AmericasOn November The Spanish Conquistador Hernando Cort S First Met Montezuma, The Aztec Emperor, At The Entrance To The Capital City Of Tenochtitlan This Introduction The Prelude To The Spanish Seizure Of Mexico City And To European Colonization Of The Mainland Of The Americas Has Long Been The Symbol Of Cort S S Bold And Brilliant Military Genius Montezuma, On The Other Hand, Is Remembered As A Coward Who Gave Away A Vast Empire And Touched Off A Wave Of Colonial Invasions Across The HemisphereBut Is This Really What Happened In A Departure From Traditional Tellings, When Montezuma Met Cort S Uses The Meeting As Restall Dubs Their First Encounter As The Entry Point Into A Comprehensive Reevaluation Of Both Cort S And Montezuma Drawing On Rare Primary Sources And Overlooked Accounts By Conquistadors And Aztecs Alike, Restall Explores Cort S S And Montezuma S Posthumous Reputations, Their Achievements And Failures, And The Worlds In Which They Lived Leading, Step By Step, To A Dramatic Inversion Of The Old Story As Restall Takes Us Through This Sweeping, Revisionist Account Of A Pivotal Moment In Modern Civilization, He Calls Into Question Our View Of The History Of The Americas, And, Indeed, Of History Itself De este libro lo nico que sab a era el t tulo y que la edici n en espa ol sal a a finales de mayo de 2019 Pens que tratar a sobre todo el proceso de la Conquista, pero no, su t tulo resume el contenido documenta el Encuentro entre Moctezuma o Montezuma y Cort s A partir de ese suceso Restall explica por qu debemos repensar lo que nos cuenta la historia tradicional que habla de una Rendici n del emperador mexica ante el conquistador espa ol De Cort s habla sobre la mitohistoria que se fue escribiendo sobre l desde el siglo XVI se nota que no es su personaje favorito , tal vez como una forma de justificar las atrocidades cometidas con los pueblos ind genas.En cuanto a Moctezuma si a n viviera creo que le dar a un fuerte y largo abrazo a Restall y le dir a con un suspiro GRACIAS, por fin alguien me hace justicia.Me gust que analice la historia no solo a partir de documentos escritos, sino tambi n a trav s de pinturas y literatura de los siglos XVI a XXI.Conviene leerlo en papel porque trae fotos a color, mapas y un rbol geneal gico que apoyan demasiado la lectura.Esperar nuevos libros de otros autores sobre el mismo tema porque es muy pronto para que descarte los mitos que he aprendido desde la escuela primaria aunque confieso que con gusto lo har a.